3.1.1. Review documentation—roof info, as-built drawings
3.1.2. Identify areas of concern to owner/rep
3.2.1. Walk around buildings to identify safety issues related to your personal safety as it relates to the survey and if it will impede your investigation
184.108.40.206. Clearly state that purpose of the investigation is not a life safety survey, but report safety hazards to building owner/occupant/authority immediately as it relates to personal safety and if it will impede your investigation
220.127.116.11. Note any roof staining or discoloration on steep slope roofs that may be slick or hazardous to walk on
3.2.2. Identify material types, unusual features
3.2.3. Take note of sheltering structures or other features (topography)
3.2.4. Collect photographic documentation with corresponding notes
3.2.5. View underside of deck from inside the building
18.104.22.168. Examine ceilings for water leaks and stains
22.214.171.124. Obtain access through hatch, mechanical/electrical/utility room, or through removable tiles in suspended ceilings, if available
126.96.36.199. Examine deck for water leaks or stains, paying close attention to roof penetrations, perimeters and corners
188.8.131.52. Examine insulation for water leaks or stains
184.108.40.206. Examine deck for diffuse sunlight
220.127.116.11. Identify areas of possible damage to structural support
3.2.6. Occupied space examination for water leaks and stains
3.2.7. Roof-level examination
18.104.22.168. Overview of roof
22.214.171.124. Evaluate the roof system
126.96.36.199.1. Types of roofing materials
188.8.131.52.2. Roof topography and hazards
184.108.40.206.3. Skylight locations
220.127.116.11.2.1. Roof edges
18.104.22.168.2.2. Drops, steps, changes in elevation or slope
22.214.171.124.2.3. Penetration locations, penetrations created by dislodged or missing roof-mounted equipment
126.96.36.199.2.4. Overhead obstructions, particularly electrical power lines
188.8.131.52.2.5. Trip and fall hazards (cables, plumbing lines, etc.)
184.108.40.206.2.6. Exhaust fumes
220.127.116.11.2.7. Hazardous materials or equipment
18.104.22.168.3.1. In-plane translucent panels without curbs
22.214.171.124.3.2. Curbed skylights
126.96.36.199.4. Verify roof measurements from aerial report or draw field diagram
188.8.131.52.5. Document roof penetrations and drains and quantify
184.108.40.206.1. Roof assembly components, such as:
220.127.116.11.1.3. Perimeter edge flashing/fascia; step and valley flashing
18.104.22.168.1.5. Transition flashing between cover and roof-mounted equipment or penetrations (AC units, roof hatches, skylights, chimneys, curb-mounted equipment, etc.)
22.214.171.124.1.6. Slip sheets
126.96.36.199.1.7. Insulation, base sheet, and cover boards
188.8.131.52.1.8. Air or vapor barriers
184.108.40.206.1.11. Cladding or roof covering
220.127.116.11.2. Verify installation/attachment of roof components as able
18.104.22.168.3. Weathered condition—see individual roof material sections for information on typical weathering patterns
22.214.171.124.4. Physical conditions
126.96.36.199.4.3. Seams and seals
188.8.131.52. Evaluate roof-mounted equipment (AC units, curb-mounted equipment, satellite dishes, photovoltaic panels, etc.) to determine if they were involved with any noted damage
3.3.1. External structural overview
3.3.2. Interior overview
184.108.40.206. Identify building materials used for walls and roof
220.127.116.11. Identify and document materials and systems that were damaged and those that were not damaged
18.104.22.168. Identify patterns of damage typical of wind, and document/quantify items
22.214.171.124.1. Displaced or missing facade materials (e.g., siding), or window screens
126.96.36.199.2. Broken windows or tree branches
188.8.131.52.3. Breached garage doors
184.108.40.206.4. Gouges, cuts or dents in materials
220.127.116.11.5. Missing, loose or deformed perimeter edge metal, fascia, parapet coping, gutters or downspouts
18.104.22.168.6. Missing or loose roof coverings, insulation and roof deck
22.214.171.124.7. Penetrations or other wall openings directly below areas of roof covering or edge metal/fascia failure where pressurization may have occurred
126.96.36.199.8. Attic ventilation or roof damage locations that may coincide with interior water damage
188.8.131.52. Identify patterns of damage atypical of wind, and document/quantify items (these could be indicative of man-made damage or improper maintenance or installation)
184.108.40.206. Identify, quantify and document materials and systems that were damaged because of breaches or openings in the building envelope
3.4.1. Evaluate spatter marks, where oxidation film or coating has been removed
3.4.2. Evaluate dents
3.4.3. External structural overview
3.4.4. Differentiating between hail damage and non-hail damage on the roof surface
220.127.116.11. Identify exposed surfaces
18.104.22.168. Identify, compare and document materials that were damaged and those that were not damaged
22.214.171.124. Identify patterns of damage typical of hail, and document items and quantity
126.96.36.199. Identify patterns of damage atypical of hail, and document items and quantity—these could be the result of natural aging and weathering, accidental or intentional mechanical damage, or due to poor maintenance
188.8.131.52. Identify marks and anomalies with certain characteristics:
184.108.40.206.1. Indications of hail damage, weathering and aging will vary by roof type—see individual material sections for detailed descriptions
220.127.116.11.2. Indications of accidental mechanical damage may be the result of fallen trees or limbs on or near the home, footfall or dropped tools during the repair or installation process, golf balls, etc.
18.104.22.168.3. Indications of intentional mechanical damage may be in the form of repeated patterns of damage (same size, shape, or depth of mark, same location on pieces, same locations on roof, etc.)
22.214.171.124.3.1. Well-defined edges (possibly caused by tools)
126.96.36.199.3.2. Occur in areas that were not exposed to hail
188.8.131.52. Examine anomalies under magnification to determine origin
184.108.40.206. Consider the anomalies in context of their surroundings (near roof-mounted equipment, along valleys or areas of expected foot traffic, in areas of expected maintenance activity)
3.5.1. External structural overview
220.127.116.11. Investigate exterior locations for evidence of fire. Areas to inspect include roof covering, exterior siding and materials in the under-eave and rake-end area.
3.5.2. Interior structural overview
18.104.22.168.1. Observed deposition of smoke and / or soot on exposed surfaces?
22.214.171.124.2. Evidence of charring on exposed wood or other members?
126.96.36.199.3. Do near-building trees or other landscaping vegetation show evidence of burning?
188.8.131.52. Identify, evaluate, and document fire severity as a function of location.1
184.108.40.206. Investigate interior locations, including attic and crawl space, if present, for evidence of fire.
220.127.116.11.1. Observed deposition of smoke and / or soot on exposed surfaces?
18.104.22.168.2. Smoke odor in building at time of inspection?
22.214.171.124.3. Evidence of charring on exposed wood members?
126.96.36.199. Identify, evaluate, and document fire severity as a function of location (attic space, rooms, areas within or between room)1.
188.8.131.52. Investigate the presence and operation of a fire suppression system and/or smoke/fire detection system.
184.108.40.206.1. If there is a system, was it connected to a central monitoring station?
220.127.116.11.1.1. If yes, was the fire department properly notified?
18.104.22.168.1.2. Did it operate properly?
22.214.171.124.1.3. Was the fire suppression system adequately designed for the occupancy it is protecting?
126.96.36.199.1.4. Was there an improperly closed sprinkler control valve? Was there a significant decrease in the water supply?
188.8.131.52.2. Were there other factors contributing to the severity of affected area?